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21407 Strategic Human Resource Management

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21407 Strategic Human Resource Management

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Course Code: 21407
University: University Of Technology Sydney

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Country: Australia

1. Drawing on the records of your learning, briefly describe how your understanding of HRM has changed throughout the session
2. Critically evaluate the limitations of existing human resource practices and rethink how strategic human resource management may be transformed in the future. Issues may include but are not limited to the organisational cultures, training and development, performance management, retrenchment, and retention. Fundamental to your piece ought to be a sophisticated engagement with social justice

The purpose of this report is to enlighten the reader about different aspect of strategic human resource management in the society. Strategic human resource management refers to the practice of attracting, developing , retaining and rewarding employees for the benefit of the employees and the organization on a whole. The HR department of the company practice the SHRM practices in the environment. This type of HRM practices has become necessary for the organizations to grow (Storey 2014). Further, below mentioned report evaluates my experience in learning the HRM process phase by phase. It also evaluates the limitations of the HRM practices and issues related to it along with some recommendations.
Understanding of HRM
In the beginning of the learning module, I gathered the information of traditional as well as current HRM practices prevailing in the environment. Along with this, I gained knowledge about the current trends and challenges prevailing in the industry of human resource management. With this, I gained knowledge about the ways in which a human resource manager can attain a good employee for their organization in this tough competitive environment. Current challenges helped in analysing the problems present in the environment that are obstructing the HR managers to initiate their practices in the environment.
Coming up to the middle of the program, I started getting knowledge about the ways with which one can easily resolve such HRM problems in the environment. I learned about the ways of recruitment and selection along with practices of talent management. This module also helped me in knowing the importance of training in an organization along with computer based instruction. Coming up to the end of the module, I realized that apart from basic HRM practices, SHRM involves focusing on various aspects to satisfy the employees and the company on a whole. It is important to ethically carry the HRM practices in the environment by taking care of the gender and race as well. Most of the problems will automatically resolve of ethically conducting the SHRM practices in the environment.
SHRM refers to the practice of conducting the HRM practices in such a way that organization successfully attains success in the target market. Under this process of HRM, the organization interacts with other departments in the organization and helps them to understand the goals and objectives and create strategies accordingly (Brewster, Chung, and Sparrow 2016). The strategic HRM practices partners with strategies in such a way that success for the company is attained in the market. This process is important for the organization because it develops a plan that helps in recruitment, selection, training, rewarding and retaining the employees for the benefit of the organization and employees on a whole. Under this process adequate techniques are utilized to bring positive outcomes for the organization (Albrecht, et. al., 2015).
Limitations of HRM
The fact should be noted that there is always scope of growth and changes in an organization. Similarly looking at the human resource management process of the company, there are many ways with the help of which companies can change the business functions and grow (Collings, Wood, and Szamosi 2018). Transformation can also help the existing HRM practices prevailing in the environment to grow and work effectively. So, below mentioned are some of the existing HRM issues that companies are facing in the current environment:
Performance Management: Taking an example of Enron and Bear Stearns Company, the company failed to produce an effective reward system due to which the behaviour of the employees overpowered the control of the management on the system. The company measured and incentivised wrong things for the employees due to which the compensation system of the company failed to comply with its fiduciary duty to protect the retirement earnings of the employees. The performance management system did not punish the workers that aimed to initiate fraudulent activities in the company. The HR strategies failed to identify the right people for the organization, they also failed to terminate the wrong people from the functions of the company. So, it can be said that performance management is a crucial aspect that should be looked after by companies (Sikora, and Ferris 2014).
Corporate Culture: The aim of the organizational culture is to drive the behaviour of the employees in such a way that it aligns with the core values of the company. Also, it is important for the HR manager of the company to control the diverse situations in the environment as the production in an organization can also get affected with negative organizational culture. For instance, in the given case of Toyota Motors, the culture of the company was closely aligned that evaluated that reward system of the company is creating negative culture in the environment. Resulting in which, the company faced loss in the external environment. The HRM policies of the company should never instigate the employees to take actions in a negative way (Bratton, and Gold 2017).
Risk Assessment: This is also one of the most important aspects of the practice of human resource management. It is very important for the HR manager of the organization assesses risks present in the environment and then implements actions accordingly. In the current environment, the organizations fail to assess risks due to which case like Toyota and Enron occur in the environment. Being a significant part of the organization, it is important for the HR manager to identify risks and control them in such a way that functions of the company run smoothly (Brewster 2017).
Lastly, it should be noted that training is a significant issue occurring in the external environment. In most cases, either the organization is unable is provide adequate training to the employees or they are unable to understand the job role provided by the company due to which the work expected and provided has deviations in it (Kramar 2014).
How SHRM will Transform Future
The human resource management process is changing day by day for good and it is eliminating various issues present in the system as well. As discussed above, the strategic human resource management process is eliminating various issues confronted by the companies that depleted their growth in the market. Further, the ways and activities with which the SHRM process will transform the future are discussed below:
Internal Consultant: The HR manager should become internal consultant for the employees of the organization. With this way, the leader will effectively reduce the dissatisfaction present within employees. This will also eliminate the discussion and conflicts at workplace, as employees will directly contact the HR in case of confusion. The companies should also adopt the open door policy to reduce the issues at workplace (Hollenbeck, and Jamieson 2015).
Talent Management: With the process of training and development, the HR manager should initiate the process of talent management at workplace. With the process, the employees will learn and develop an understanding of the employee and the organization will effectively initiate succession planning along with talent pipeline as well (Armstrong, and Taylor 2014).
Performance management based on skills utilized by employee: Skills for survival should be the motto of compensation and reward management policy of the companies. With the help of this type of approach, the managers will effectively create a plan that will motivate the employees to work effectively in a positive way. Only the people that increase the productivity of the organization keeping the quality standards in mind should get incentives by the organization (Taylor, Doherty, and McGraw 2015).
Risk assessment: This is an important aspect in the HRM process on which the managers should focus. The HR manager should proactive analyse the risk present in the environment and then create policies in such a way that internal system of the company is adequately controlled irrespective of the external situations approaching them.
Engagement with Ethics and Social Sustainability
Ethics and sustainability in the practices govern the growth and profitability of an organization. Thus, all the organization present in the environment should attempt to use the strategic human resource management practices in such a way that ethics and social sustainability activities are complied. Management themselves along with the employees should comply the ethical code of conduct so that the business grows without hampering the interest of any stakeholder present in the society (Jackson, Schuler, and Jiang 2014).
Thus, in the limelight of above mentioned events, the fact should be noted that the report evaluated the importance of strategic human resource management process in the environment. The initial part evaluated the ways in which my thinking transformed while going through the program. Further, the paper evaluated the SHRM along with its limitations and ways in which it will transform the future. With the use of such practices, the HR managers can effectively eliminate issues present in the external as well as internal environment. Lastly, it should be noted that engagement of ethics and sustainability in the SHRM practices is also very important for the business. 
Albrecht, S.L., Bakker, A.B., Gruman, J.A., Macey, W.H. and Saks, A.M., 2015. Employee engagement, human resource management practices and competitive advantage: An integrated approach. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 2(1), pp.7-35.
Armstrong, M. and Taylor, S., 2014. Armstrong’s handbook of human resource management practice. UK: Kogan Page Publishers.
Bratton, J. and Gold, J., 2017. Human resource management: theory and practice. London: Palgrave.
Brewster, C., 2017. The integration of human resource management and corporate strategy. In Policy and practice in European human resource management (pp. 22-35). UK: Routledge.
Brewster, C., Chung, C. and Sparrow, P., 2016. Globalizing human resource management. UK: Routledge.
Collings, D.G., Wood, G.T. and Szamosi, L.T., 2018. Human resource management: A critical approach. In Human Resource Management (pp. 1-23). UK: Routledge.
Hollenbeck, J.R. and Jamieson, B.B., 2015. Human capital, social capital, and social network analysis: Implications for strategic human resource management. Academy of management perspectives, 29(3), pp.370-385.
Jackson, S.E., Schuler, R.S. and Jiang, K., 2014. An aspirational framework for strategic human resource management. The Academy of Management Annals, 8(1), pp.1-56.
Kramar, R., 2014. Beyond strategic human resource management: is sustainable human resource management the next approach?. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(8), pp.1069-1089.
Sikora, D.M. and Ferris, G.R., 2014. Strategic human resource practice implementation: The critical role of line management. Human Resource Management Review, 24(3), pp.271-281.
Storey, J., 2014. New Perspectives on Human Resource Management (Routledge Revivals). UK: Routledge.
Taylor, T., Doherty, A. and McGraw, P., 2015. Managing people in sport organizations: A strategic human resource management perspective. UK: Routledge.

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