Tutor Quora

401208 Research For Nursing And Midwifery

Academic Anxiety?

Get an original paper within hours and nail the task

156 experts online

Free Samples

401208 Research For Nursing And Midwifery

.cms-body-content table{width:100%!important;} #subhidecontent{ position: relative;
overflow-x: auto;
width: 100%;}

401208 Research For Nursing And Midwifery

1 Download9 Pages / 2,019 Words

Course Code: 401208
University: Western Sydney University

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

I have attached the learning guide in which we have got 2nd assessment to be done on qualitative research not the quantitative one.
I have attached three references and i need 2 more from you guys so all together 5 references which should not be older than 4 years of time.
I have atttached a powerpoint slides which are really helpfull so please have a look on it before you start. and i hope you guys will do the excellent job like every time thanks.

Q 1) Background of the Study

What is the health issue that provides the focus of this study?

The central focus of the study was Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). COPD is a chronic disease resulting from lung inflammation that causes blockage of airflow in the alveoli and bronchi as well as related breathing problems. The associated respiratory related diseases include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma. The disease is caused mainly by tobacco smoking which causes the development and progression of the disease. In addition, COPD is related to indoor and outdoor air pollutants in homes and workplaces, respiratory diseases especially those that lead to inflammation of the lungs, and genetic factors especially deficiency of alpha-1 antitrypsin.
Generally, what have been the results of previous studies of this issue?
Earlier research on COPD demonstrates that patients lack a precise definition of what exactly exacerbations are or even how they are recognised by the COPD patients (Burge & Wedzicha, 2013). On the contrary, the studies show that the patients are capable of identifying the imminent exacerbations (Kessler et al, 2016). Specifically, exacerbations are identified by the patients based on subjective experiences (Adams et al, 2016). One of the notable shortcomings of the previous studies is that they have focused on finding out how the COPD patients experience exacerbations rather than their ability to identify exacerbations (Harrison et al, 2013). Additionally, other studies have revealed reluctance by the patients to seek health care assistance instead opt for treating exacerbations at home (Wang, Haugen, Steihaug, & Werner, 2102).

What is the significance of this study?

This study is significant in that it was set out to explore how the COPD patients identify exacerbations and the management mechanisms employed at home. Previous studies have shown that COPD patients prefer treating exacerbations at home to consulting healthcare professionals; it is evident that promoting self-management among the patients would effectively reduce the number of hospital admissions. On the same note, self- management would improve the treatment outcomes of COPD. However, the fundamental requirement for effective treatment of exacerbations at home is the ability of the patients to successfully identify exacerbations following the onset of symptoms.
Q2) Overview of Research Design

What was the aim of the research?

The aim of this research was to explore the current patient’s understanding and experience of managing and identifying COPD exacerbations at home.

What research design was used?

This study was a qualitative research since it explored the patients understanding and experience of COPD rather than seeking definitive conclusions. The research design that was used for this study was grounded theory. Grounded theory involves collection and analysis of data concurrently leading to development of theory has is rooted in the data collected (Gelling, 2015).

Describe the main characteristics of the research design identified

The principal characteristics of Grounded theory include constant comparison, theoretical sampling, and continuous collection of data until the research reaches saturation (Gelling, 2015).  Constant comparison entails interaction between sampling, collection, and analysis of data as the research progresses. With regard to theoretical sampling, grounded theory design involves changing the participants in the course of the research as new theory emerge. Finally, theoretical saturation is a point at which all the theories of the research have been exhausted and no new data can be collected.

How did the research design chosen meet the aims of the study?

The aim of this study was to explore the participants’ understanding and experience of managing and identifying COPD exacerbations at home. Using grounded theory enabled the researchers to fulfil the aim of the study since it allowed the researchers to select maximum number of participants who would allow all the aspects of the study to be explored.
Q3) Sampling

What were the characteristics of the participants in this study?

The participants selected for this study consisted of 27 males and 17 females aged between 55 and 85 years. The mean age for the group was 71 years. Out of this group, 29 participants were living with their spouses while the remaining 15 members were staying alone. Another notable feature of the participants is that 33 members had previously attended pulmonary rehabilitation programme. Moreover, the selected participants were at different severity of COPD. Specifically, 14 participants were at stage II, 21 at stage III, while 9 participants were at stage IV. Finally, 11 of the participants were currently using home oxygen.  

What were the inclusion and exclusion criteria of the sample?

The participants to be selected for interview had to meet of conditions before they were allowed to participate in the research. To begin with, the participant had to be above 40 years to participate in the interview. Also, the individual had to have the ability to give informed consent, adequately understand written and verbal English, and have a life expectancy of more than 3 months. Additionally, for an individual to have been selected for interview a smoking pack of greater than 10 pack years was a requirement. Similarly, the individual must have had an MRC dyspnoea scale of 2 or more. Finally, individuals included for the interview must have been registered with a general practice for hospital admission or pulmonary rehabilitation. On the other hand, individuals with lung disease and chronic heart failure as defined by the New York Heart were effectively excluded from participation in the interview.

Why is it important to identify these criteria before recruitment starts?

The identification of the inclusion criteria was important in ensuring that the measurement error was effectively minimised during the research by reducing selection bias (Merriam & Tisdell, 2016).

What sampling technique was used in this study?

The sampling technique used in this study was theoretical sampling. In this study, participants were recruited from hospital admission records as the research progressed and new aspects of the study emerged.

How was this sample appropriate for meeting the research aim?

Theoretical sample was appropriate for this study in that it presented the researches with maximum number of participants who would provide all the information and conditions related to CPOD exacerbations as recommended by Strauss & Corbin (2015). Additionally, theoretical sample facilitated assessment of relevant data before investing much time and money into the research. Finally, theoretical sample included participants who had experienced COPD exacerbations and would provide critical insights to the study (Gelling, 2015).
Q4) Data Collection

How were the data collected?

Data was collected by means of interviews

What specifically, did the researchers do?

In-depth interviews were used to gather information from participants at their respective homes. During the interview sessions, topic guides with questions focused on the patients’ experience, identification, and management of exacerbations at home were used. In the process, the researchers took audio recordings of the interviews along with filed notes to be used for further analysis of the data collected.

How did data collection fit the aim of this study?

Interviews were appropriate method for collection of data in this study because they allow collection and exploration of data with the research participants. In addition, interviews are the most appropriate method of data collection that are related to the knowledge and experience of participants (Gelling, 2015).

What might have been some advantages and disadvantages of this method of data collection?

The main advantages of interviews as a method of data collection is that they permit researchers to further explore the experience of the participants by conducting follow-up studies with facilitate acquisition of in-depth data. On the other hand, interviews are time consuming during planning, conduction, and analysis of data. In addition, the use of interviews could lead to collection of biased data if not properly planned (Gelling, 2015).

From you understanding of the weekly reading, what if any, are some alternative methods of data collection that these researches could have chosen?

Focus groups would have been more suited at the start and latter stages of the study. At the start of this study, focus groups would have been more appropriate for identification of key issues which would then be considered more deeply using interviews. Similarly, focus groups would have been used during the latter stages to contribute interpretation of findings as proposed by Gelling (2015).
Q5) Data Analysis/ Result (20 marks)

How was the data analysed?

The method of data analysis used in line with Glaser’s (2015) proposals. In this case, the data from the audio-recorded interviews and field notes were transcribed verbatim. In addition, the transcripts which were anonymous were stored, organised, and analysed using NVIVO 10 software programme. The data analysis methods used included comparative analysis, memo-writing, and coding such as axial, open, and selective methods as proposed by Rabinovich & Kacen (2014).

Why is it important to select applicable methods of data analysis in qualitative research?

Qualitative research is usually criticized for subjective interpretation of the data collected. As a result, the method of data analysis must be selected to ensure that the results obtained are objective and free from conflicts with related studies (Curtis & Drennan, 2013).

What did the researchers say about the rigour of their analysis?

The rigour on data analysis was recorded as high. The high level was achieved in two ways. Firstly, the coding of the interviews was carried out by a qualitative researcher who was not a member of the research team. In addition, the members of research team engaged in regular meetings to review and discuss the analysed data as well as the interpretation. As a consequence, the credibility and transparency of the data was aided. As articulated by Florczak (2017) rigor should be ensured in documentation, study procedures, and ethical considerations.

What were the study findings?

The research findings revealed that COPD patients identify exacerbations based on visible and invisible symptoms. The visible symptoms were identified as those which are based on clinical parameters while invisible symptoms are based on experience. As regards the management of the exacerbations, the study showed that the patients employed self-management techniques. These techniques include breathing and pacing techniques and self-administration of steroids and antibiotics. Finally, the findings highlighted that the patients only accessed healthcare assistance in the event that the self-management techniques did not result in improvement in their conditions. In addition, the seeking healthcare professionals was not effective since the patients waited until their conditions had reached crisis point and therefore have to be admitted into hospitals.

Into which other setting can these findings be transferred?

These findings would find relevance in other clinical settings such as the management of Borderline Personality Disorder. Just like COPD, BPD is a condition that can effectively be identified and managed at home based on the experience and clinical symptoms. Families of newly diagnosed patients could be educated on identification of BPD symptoms in which the experience of the families and care givers would be as vital as clinical symptoms of the disorder.
Adams, R., Chavanmes, N., Jones, K., Ostergaard, M., & Price, D. (2016). Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease : A patient’s Perspectives. Journal of Respiratory Primary Care, 15: 102-109.
Burge, S., & Wedzicha, J. (2013). COPD Exacerbations: Definitions and Classifications. European Respiration Journal Supplement, 41: 46s-53s.
Curtis, E.A., & Drennan, J. (Eds.). (2013). Quantitative health research: Issues and methods. Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.
Florczak, K.L. (2017). Adding the truth of the matter: The case of qualitative research. Nursing Science Quarterly, 30(4), 296-299.
Gelling, L. (2015). Qualitative Research. Nursing Standards, 29(30), 43-47.
Glaser, B. (2012). Basics of Grounded Theory Analysis. Mill Valley, CA: Sociology Press.
Harrison, S., Apps, L., Singh, S., Steiner, M., Morgan, M., & Robertson, N. (2013). Consumed by breathing: A critical interpretive meta-synthesis of the qualitative literature. Chronic Illness, 10: 31-49.
Kessler, R., Stahl, E., Vogelmeler, C., Haughney, J., Trudeau , E., et al. (2016). Patient understanding, detection, and experience of COPD exacerbations: An observational, interview-based study. Chest, 130: 133-142.
Merriam, S.B., & Tisdell, E.J. (2016). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Rabinovich, M., & Kacen, L. (2014). Advanced relationship between categories analysis as a qualitative research tool. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 66(7), 698-708.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (2013). Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques (3rd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Wang, Y., Haugen, T., Steihaug, S., & Werner, A. (2012). Patients with Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Feel Safe when Treated at Home: A Qualitative Study. BMC Pulmonary Medication, 12: 45.

Free Membership to World’s Largest Sample Bank

To View this & another 50000+ free samples. Please put
your valid email id.


Yes, alert me for offers and important updates


Download Sample Now

Earn back the money you have spent on the downloaded sample by uploading a unique assignment/study material/research material you have. After we assess the authenticity of the uploaded content, you will get 100% money back in your wallet within 7 days.

UploadUnique Document

DocumentUnder Evaluation

Get Moneyinto Your Wallet

Total 9 pages


*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as

Cite This Work
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:


My Assignment Help. (2020). Research For Nursing And Midwifery. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/401208-research-for-nursing-and-midwifery/guided-review-of-nominated-literature.html.

“Research For Nursing And Midwifery.” My Assignment Help, 2020, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/401208-research-for-nursing-and-midwifery/guided-review-of-nominated-literature.html.

My Assignment Help (2020) Research For Nursing And Midwifery [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/401208-research-for-nursing-and-midwifery/guided-review-of-nominated-literature.html[Accessed 18 December 2021].

My Assignment Help. ‘Research For Nursing And Midwifery’ (My Assignment Help, 2020) accessed 18 December 2021.

My Assignment Help. Research For Nursing And Midwifery [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2020 [cited 18 December 2021]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/401208-research-for-nursing-and-midwifery/guided-review-of-nominated-literature.html.

.close{position: absolute;right: 5px;z-index: 999;opacity: 1;color: #ff8b00;}


Thank you for your interest
The respective sample has been mail to your register email id


$20 Credited
successfully in your wallet.
* $5 to be used on order value more than $50. Valid for
only 1

Account created successfully!
We have sent login details on your registered email.



MyAssignmenthelp.com offers affordable marketing assignment help to students all over the world. We have a strong team of 5000+ marketing experts who draft every paper from scratch. They dig deep to gather facts and information to present quality marketing papers. We also cover all assignments – research papers, dissertation, marketing reports, and more. Hire our writers today at the best rates and see your scores soar to the sky.

Latest Management Samples

div#loaddata .card img {max-width: 100%;

MPM755 Building Success In Commerce
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: MPM755
University: Deakin University

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

The process of developing a successful business entity requires a multidimensional analysis of several factors that relate to the internal and external environment in commerce. The areas covered in this current unit are essential in transforming the business perspective regarding the key commerce factors such as ethics, technology, culture, entrepreneurship, leadership, culture, and globalization (Nzelibe, 1996; Barza, 2…

SNM660 Evidence Based Practice
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: SNM660
University: The University Of Sheffield

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United Kingdom

Critical reflection on the objective, design, methodology and outcome of the research undertaken Assessment-I
Smoking and tobacco addiction is one of the few among the most basic general restorative issues, particularly to developed nations such as the UK. It has been represented that among all risk segments smoking is the fourth driving purpose behind infections and other several ailments like asthma, breathing and problems in the l…
Australia Maidstone Management Business management with marketing University of New South Wales Masters in Business Administration 

BSBHRM513 Manage Workforce Planning
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: BSBHRM513
University: Tafe NSW

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Task 1
1.0 Data on staff turnover and demographics
That includes the staffing information of JKL industries for the fiscal year of 2014-15, it can be said that the company is having problems related to employee turnover. For the role of Senior Manager in Sydney, the organization needs 4 managers; however, one manager is exiting. It will make one empty position which might hurt the decision making process. On the other hand, In Brisba…

MKT2031 Issues In Small Business And Entrepreneurship
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: MKT2031
University: University Of Northampton

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United Kingdom

Entrepreneurial ventures
Entrepreneurship is the capacity and willingness to develop, manage, and put in order operations of any business venture with an intention to make profits despite the risks that may be involved in such venture. Small and large businesses have a vital role to play in the overall performance of the economy. It is, therefore, necessary to consider the difference between entrepreneurial ventures, individual, and c…
Turkey Istanbul Management University of Employee Masters in Business Administration 

MN506 System Management
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: MN506
University: Melbourne Institute Of Technology

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

An operating system (OS) is defined as a system software that is installed in the systems for the management of the hardware along with the other software resources. Every computer system and mobile device requires an operating system for functioning and execution of operations. There is a great use of mobile devices such as tablets and Smartphones that has increased. One of the widely used and implemented operating syste…
Australia Cheltenham Computer Science Litigation and Dispute Management University of New South Wales Information Technology 


Need an essay written specifically to meet your requirements?

Choose skilled experts on your subject and get an original paper within your deadline

156 experts online

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

Tips and Tricks from our Blog

11174 Introduction To Management

Free Samples 11174 Introduction To Management .cms-body-content table{width:100%!important;} #subhidecontent{ position: relative; overflow-x: auto; width: 100%;} 11174 Introduction

Read More »