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ENG51001 Construction Site Safety And Risk Management

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ENG51001 Construction Site Safety And Risk Management

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Course Code: ENG51001
University: Southern Cross University

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Country: Australia


One of the key skills in leading safety and risk management change is the ability to work in a team setting and develop common goals and responses to a range of incidents. Students will be placed in groups and asked to develop a response to a particular safety issue in a chosen occupation.
Students will be given the opportunity to assemble groups for their presentation up to Week 5 of the session. Anyone that has not chosen a group to work with by Week 5 will be allocated to a group by the tutor. Each group will be randomly allocated to present in either Week 13 or Week 14 during the regularly allocated tutorial session. Please verify the appropriateness of your topic with your tutor by Week 7 of the semester to allow for sufficient time to develop your presentation. The group must meet regularly on their own time to put together a response to a safety issue in their chosen occupation. Time will not be provided during the tutorial sessions for working on the assessment.
What is expected:
Select an organisation that all members are interested in researching.
Identify ONE significant risk within that particular occupation
Research the occupation and the risk and provide background information during your presentation.
Identify and discuss the effectiveness of current safety measures that are already in place for managing the risk.
Develop a response to mitigate the risk within the chosen occupation.
Identify all relevant stakeholders necessary to mitigate that risk.
Prepare a PowerPoint presentation to present to the class.
Each member of the group is expected to present for 5 minutes during the presentation.

Safety and risk management in Construction

Construction companies plays a positive role:

Helps to steer economic growth
Generates employment

Major downside is that the profession is associated with several types of hazards and health safety issues (Finkel, 2015)
The construction industries is an vital part of the economy and it drives the economic growth of a country. Thus, due to this reason the construction industry provides ample amount of opportunities for employment. However, it is important to note that the construction industries has its share of risks and hazards associated with it. For this study, BGC (Buckeridge Group of Companies) is selected and along with it a risk and safety management is done on it (Finkel, 2015).
BGC (Buckeridge Group of Companies)

It was set up in the year 1960, has another arm called the BGC Constructions and it performs construction works all over Australia (BGC Contracting, 2018). 
BGC has built the famous Perth Arena
BGC (Buckeridge Group of Companies) is selected for the study and this construction company began in the year 1960 and it is now one of the biggest privately owned companies in Australia. This company works on the varied number of projects across Australia and it includes the award winning Perth Arena. BGC also have another arm called the BGC construction that looks after the construction in the Western Australia (BGC Contracting, 2018).
Construction industry

The construction industry generally involves the following:

Construction works which involves the building in only specialized items only like works on the woods, and electric related works.
Construction of the real estate properties
General construction
Construction of road and bridge (Finkel, 2015).

Types of risks in Construction industry

The different types of the risks associated with the construction industry as follows:

Client Risks
Contractor Risks
Health and safety risks
Fire risks in the construction projects (Choudhry & Iqbal, 2012)

 This study will be based on the health and safety related risks that occur in the construction industry.

Background of Health and safety risks

Statistics have shown that construction sites are one of the most hazardous and vulnerable places for the employees. With 90 percent of the accidents are occurring that could have been avoided (Hse.gov.uk, 2018).

                                                                                                       Source: [Hse.gov.uk., 2018]
Workers or the laborers that work in the a construction area are the ones that are vulnerable to several factors that act to jeopardize the health and the safety of the employees. Irrespective of the construction company and no matter the precautions taken up by the company, there is always a wide array of health and safety related issues being faced by the construction workers. The health and safety risks alone is the major concern for the construction company (BCG construction) and it has led to the death of several workers (Hse.gov.uk, 2018).
Health and safety risks

There are several risks associated with the health and safety in the construction and they are as follows:

Electrical hazards
Airborne toxins and fibres
Fatal respiratory issues arising from Asbestos
Unintended falls and collapse
Mishandling of materials
Hand and vibration syndrome arising due to the usage of power tools
Hazardous noise levels
Trips and slips
Hazards from moving objects
Hazards of working from height (Zhou, Goh & Li, 2015)

Effectiveness of the existing risk management

BGC constructions employs TRISAFE framework that ensures the health and safety of the laborers and the employees (BGC Contracting., 2018).
BGC constructions employs TRISAFE framework that ensures the health and safety of the laborers and the employees.
TRISAFE includes the behavior and the beliefs that can be expected from everyone so that a healthy and safety culture can be maintained. The compliance of the health and the safety can be described as a set of procedures, standards and the policies (BGC Contracting., 2018).
Effectiveness of the existing risk management

The TRISAFE framework helps the BGC constructions to achieve the desired target of ensuring safety at the construction safety through the three different level sof assistance:

In the first level the laborers and the construction workers
The company management along with the workers thrive together to achieve the desired safety.
The leaders exclusively help the workers to achieve the desired safety levels (BGC Contracting., 2018).

Effectiveness of the existing risk management

Continuous monitoring and measurement has led to combining of both the lag and the lead indicators into the safety parameter analysis (BGC Contracting., 2018). 
BGC constructions make takes measure to both monitor and measure the performance of the several safety parameters and it is a holistic approach which combines both the lag and the lead indicators. The lead indicators take into account of the qualitative measure to quantify the performance indicators.
The performance has helped the BGC constructions to have be the largest civil construction and mining contractor (BGC Contracting., 2018).
Risk management

The risk management and the risk analysis involves various techniques and it includes the following steps:

Risk identification
Risk assessment
Risk mitigation
Risk monitoring (Hwang, Zhao & Toh, 2014)

Risk identification

Risk identification can be described as a process which includes the identification and recording of the potential risks.
Risk identification involves following steps:

Creation of a systematic process
Gathering information from different types of sources
Application of the different risk identification tools
Documentation of the risks
Documentation of the process of risk identification.
Assessing the effectiveness of the process (Hwang, Zhao & Toh, 2014).


Risk assessment

Risk assessment can be described as the careful examination of a process that might cause harm to the people that are working in a hazardous place.
The steps of performing a risk assessment involves the following:

Identification of the hazards
Making decisions on who might be harmed from the risks.
Evaluation of the risks and taking decisions on the control measures
Recording the findings and implementation of the same
Review of the assessment process and update it if necessary.

Risk mitigation

Risk mitigation can be described as the steps that are taken to reduce the adverse effect arising from the adverse effects of the risks. The risk mitigation involves the 4 different strategies:

Risk can be avoided entirely by eliminating the root cause of the problem or the issue.
Risk can be transferred to another party through the insurances and through the contractual clauses.
Reduction of the risks by making plans to reduce the risks wherever the problem is found to be manifesting.
Accepting the risk and this should the last resort (Hughes, Champion & Murdoch, 2015).

Risk monitoring

Risk monitoring can be defined as a process which tracks as well as evaluates the different level of risk present in a workplace. The different types of strategies that can be employed in risk monitoring are as follows:

Continual- continuous form of risk monitoring
Reassessment- tertiary or secondary risk management strategies
Obligatory- risk is monitored through some organizational policies and laws set up by the government.
Voluntary- monitoring risk as per thestandards set by the law (Hughes, Champion & Murdoch, 2015).


Identification of stakeholders

The identification of all the stakeholders is vital to analyze the risk and it effective management. the stakeholders will play a major role in the risk identification and in the risk monitoring process. The list of all the stakeholders are as follows:

Civil engineer
Plant technician
Roofing technician
Construction technician
Construction laborers
Governmental policymakers
Emergency services
Regulatory authorities
Wood mechanist
Plant mechanic
Plant technician (Hwang, Zhao & Toh, 2014)



BGC Contracting. (2018). Health, Safety & Environment. Retrieved from https://www.bgc.cc/about-us/health-safety-and-environment/
BGC Contracting. (2018). Our history. Retrieved from https://www.bgc.cc/about-us/our-history/
Choudhry, R. M., & Iqbal, K. (2012). Identification of risk management system in construction industry in Pakistan. Journal of Management in Engineering, 29(1), 42-49.
Finkel, G. (2015). The economics of the construction industry. Routledge.
Hse.gov.uk. (2018). Statistics – Health and safety statistics for the construction sector in Great Britain’. Retrieved from https://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/industry/construction/index.htm
Hughes, W., Champion, R., & Murdoch, J. (2015). Construction contracts: law and management. Routledge.
Hwang, B. G., Zhao, X., & Toh, L. P. (2014). Risk management in small construction projects in Singapore: Status, barriers and impact. International Journal of Project Management, 32(1), 116-124.
Zhou, Z., Goh, Y. M., & Li, Q. (2015). Overview and analysis of safety management studies in the construction industry. Safety science, 72, 337-350.

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