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Engaging And Empowering Patients

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Engaging And Empowering Patients

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Discuss about the Engaging and Empowering Patients.
 
 
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Introduction
Diabetes is a metabolic syndrome where the levels of glucose have a tendency to stay high either of the fact that inadequate insulin is produced in the pancreas or as a result of the cells not reacting to the produced insulin. Recurrent urination, amplified thirst, and amplified craving are most known initial side effects of diabetes. There are 2 categories of diabetes: Type1 and Type2 which were earlier recognized as insulin dependent and insulin non-dependent diabetes. In patients with Type1 diabetes, the pancreas becomes unable to create insulin and in this manner, an insulin pump is requisite to infuse insulin. In Type2 diabetes, the cells are not capable of utilizing the insulin appropriately as a result of insulin resistance. Type1 diabetes patients need to rely on insulin infusions for the lifetime and need to experience customary checks for blood sugar levels with a unique eating routine to keep glucose levels from rising. Type2 diabetes is widely recognized and predominant type of diabetes throughout the globe. Obese and overweight individuals possess higher possibilities of developing Type2 diabetes. High amount of stomach and abdominal fat is likewise put individuals at a higher hazard as cardiovascular and metabolic frameworks of the body are destabilized.
Critical analysis
Writing an essay paper about diabetes can be a significant experience. This is an opportunity to discover some new information about the subject and even bring issues to light about how it influences other factors of life. Above 260,000 individuals in New Zealand have either Type1 or Type2 diabetes and the predominance of this disease has amplified in the course of recent years. Near about 1200 individuals in New Zealand are diagnosed to have diabetes every single month, likening to around 40 new cases every day. There are more than 240,000 individuals in New Zealand who have been identified to have diabetes (mostly Type2 diabetes). It is assumed there are additional 100,000 individuals who have diabetes yet don’t have any idea. According to Atlantis et al. (2017), diabetes is highly prevalent among Pacific Islanders and M?ori. These people are three times as prone to get diabetes as other New Zealanders. South Asian individuals are additionally more inclined to develop diabetes. 1 in 3 Pacific grown-ups of age 45 years or more has diabetes (Coppell et al., 2013). In a review by Jefferies et al. (2012), the yearly occurrence (from 1995 to 2007) of new instances of Type2 diabetes in kids less than 15 years old upsurges 5-fold in the Auckland where 90% of the new cases were of Pacific or M?ori ethnicity. The number of individuals with both types of diabetes is increasing– particularly Type2 diabetes related to obesity (Ministry of Health NZ, 2017).
 
As in several other developed nations, diabetes is one of the quickest developing long-term health hazards in New Zealand. An evaluated 6% population of the New Zealand which is 257,700 individuals have diabetes as at 31 December 2014. The occurrence of diabetes has been ascending at a rate of 7% for every year for the previous 8 years. The frequency of diabetes is expanding over age groups and every ethnic group. The biggest increments in diabetes are among the age group of 25–44 years and no less than 15% (1 in 6) adults of age 65 years and more have diabetes (Ministry of Health NZ, 2017). More than 40% of persons residing in the Auckland area who are of Pacific, M?ori, or Indian origin have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes at the age of 35–39 years, and more than 50% at the age of 45–49 years (Chan, 2015). For these reasons, diabetes was picked as a topic to ensure supportable future diabetes amenities and to support an amplified emphasis on decreasing the burden of disease, and its related difficulties, on the healthcare framework of New Zealand.
Key practice issues
The prevention and treatment of diabetes have a vital influence on the professional practice ad also has some key practice issues:

Health inequalities or Ethnic disparities
Unwillingness for visiting healthcare services due to cost
Lack of awareness
Lack of trained healthcare professionals

 
Ethnic disparities or health inequalities
Studies, statistics, and measures reporting the status of M?ori wellbeing in New Zealand confirm that M?ori people encounter systematic inconsistencies in health outcomes, determinants of wellbeing, health framework responsiveness, and representation in the healthcare sector division workforce (Hawley & McGarvey, 2015). The overall result proposed that in several cases M?ori community has less access to essential health care services in respect to the entire population. This pattern of poor access to primary health care services acts to challenge trends for secondary or emergency access (Tukuitonga, 2013). Primary caregivers, as other healthcare experts, may unwittingly give less care to those with the greatest health deficiencies on account of the absence of social and cultural harmony (Atlantis et al., 2017 and Kenealy et al., 2017). The lack of understanding represses the therapeutic relationship, and this, thus, impacts the care received.
Financial status influences nutrition irrespective of ethnicity. According to many surveys, Pacific and Maori in New Zealand have a low income and decreased expenditures on health care services and nourishment. The food intake of these people in New Zealand tends to be high in calorie, animal proteins, fat and carbohydrates and low in vitamins and fibers which in turn contributing to obesity and diabetes (Metcalf et al., 2014). The scarcity of Pacific and Maori health professionals is also a substantial barrier to care (Atlantis et al., 2017).
Excess weight is the main cause of various health conditions including Type2 diabetes. Rates of obesity were most elevated in adults of Pacific (67%) and M?ori ethnicity (47%), intermediate in European groups (30%) and least in Asian people (15%). Ever since 2006, frequencies of extreme obesity (around 2%) and obesity (around 23%) have not improved considerably for grown-ups the least deprived regions. Conversely, for grown-ups in the extreme underprivileged regions, frequencies of extreme obesity expanded from 8% to 11% and rates of obesity expanded from 39% to 44% amid a similar period (Ministry of Health NZ, 2017).
Unwillingness for visiting healthcare services due to cost
Increasing expenses of healthcare services is a key issue in New Zealand. Being a long-standing disorder, diabetes has the potential for extreme complications and high wellbeing expenses. All the people of New Zealand are authorized for reduced health care costs when they visit their usual medical center. Yet, the cost may still be an obstacle for gaining access to primary health care (Wilkinson et al., 2014). Females were about twice as likely as males to not visiting a general physician because of medical expenses. Over 1 in 5 M?ori adults (23%) and Pacific grown-ups (21%) had not gone to a general physician due to costs. Pacific and M?ori adults were more likely than non-Pacific and non-M?ori people respectively to not visit a general physician due to costs (King et al., 2009).
Maximum females (8.9%) than males (4.9%) and young adults had not visited an after-hours center because of expenses. 1 in 8 adults of M?ori ethnicity (13%) had not gone to an after-hours center because of cost, the rate of M?ori adults was almost twofold that of non-M?ori adults. Women and young adults were more likely not to have collected their prescription due to costs. 19% of adults of Pacific community and 15% of adults of M?ori ethnicity had not collected any prescription because of costs. Pacific people were around three times as likely as non-Pacific adults and M?ori adults were 2.7 times as likely as non-M?ori adults not to have collected any prescription because of costs (Ministry of Health NZ, 2017).
 
Lack of awareness
The shocking diabetes statistics of New Zealand are additionally exacerbated by the lack of knowledge about how to deal with this illness. Lack of awareness was related to poorer control of diabetic retinopathy risk factors (Papali’i-Curtin, & Dalziel, 2013 and Chang et al., 2017). Absence of awareness keeps a huge portion of the populace with high blood glucose level that is not yet diabetic but rather can lead to worsening outcomes from not making important modification in lifestyle, for example, decreasing soft drinks and sugary foods and also shedding weights and involving in more physical activities (Metcalf et al., 2014).
 Individuals with pre-diabetes who lose a modest amount of body weight and increased their exercise are less inclined to develop diabetes. A review significantly demonstrates that people with pre-diabetes who knew about this diagnosis were more interested in taking part in some of effective and suggested way of lifestyle modifications (Gu et al., 2015). A current study dispatched by Diabetes New Zealand uncovers that near about half of those living with diabetes feel that their disease condition is in control, and a third said that it negatively affects their mental prosperity. Many individuals with diabetes have stressed about initiating diabetes medications and intensifying existing medication regimens. Furthermore, healthcare providers are not enthusiastic to utilize medication to accomplish treatment objectives (Krebs et al., 2016).
Existing gaps in knowledge and area of further investigation
Knowledge, practice, and outlook are inter-connected which on effective learning, updated information, customs and tradition (Serrano-Gil, & Jacob, 2010). When practice is based on outdated information, tradition and rituals, a gap between theoretic and applied understanding are formed which is termed “theory-practice-ethics gap” as the knowledge resulting from the evidence-based study is not entirely functional in practice area. The intolerable and non-compliancy behaviors of healthcare professionals still exist (Mortell et al., 2012). Keeping in mind the end goal to successfully execute new practice methods, an individual must esteem these practices are worthy and significant to their role as healthcare providers. Else, the patients will be victims to giving just a lip service (Mortell, 2009).
The gap between present day clinical learning and its application in the controlling of chronic illnesses is especially apparent in diabetes care. Appropriate diabetes knowledge of nurses can provide remarkable community care for diabetes patients (Daly et al., 2014). Despite the fact that research in the course of the most recent decade has demonstrated that adherence to benchmarks of care can anticipate or defer the onset of pulverizing diabetic confusions, around 33% of patients accomplish satisfactory glycemic control. Deterrents to better care incorporate framework elements, for example, insufficient record-keeping and reimbursement policies that reimburse sufficiently for sickness however ineffectively for diabetes instruction and medications by means of phone and internet. Discrepancies in medical services worsen the care facilities among vulnerable communities (WHO Western Pacific Region, 2017).
There is an immediate need for growing awareness among people of New Zealand about diabetes and its relation to obesity. According to Hawley & McGarvey (2015), the obesity and diabetes are a huge burden among the population especially on the indigenous population and there is a need for urgent action. The healthcare providers should focus on the better glycemic control of patients and the potential risk factors. Further investigation is essential on the area of awareness and education program about diabetes.
 
Conclusion
The expansion in diabetes is steady with an increase in obesity. Around 90% of individuals with diabetes are of Type2 diabetes patients. While Type1 diabetes is likewise expanding, it is the sheer amount of individuals with Type2 diabetes that introduces a genuine heath challenge for New Zealand. The expanding prevalence of diabetes in New Zealand will majorly affect the healthcare framework. This is for the reason that more individuals should get to secondary and tertiary health administrations for the management of the difficulties related to primary health care to deal with their malady and also diabetes. If not dealt proper the burden of this disease will create an economic imbalance. More broadly, the enduring impacts of diabetes will widely affect society. This is on the grounds that an expanding number of individuals will be unable to keep functioning as they did formerly the onset of their diabetes.
 
References
Atlantis, E., Joshy, G., Williams, M., & Simmons, D. (2017). Diabetes among M?ori and Other Ethnic Groups in New Zealand. In Diabetes Mellitus in Developing Countries and Underserved Communities (pp. 165-190). Springer International Publishing.
Chan, WC. (2015). Linking Ministry of Health and TestSafe data to support population health improvement. Presentation to Ministry of Health, Counties Manukau District Health Board.
Chang, L. L., Lee, A. C., & Sue, W. (2017). Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy at first presentation to the retinal screening service in the greater Wellington region of New Zealand 2006–2015, and implications for models of retinal screening. NZ Med J, 130(1450), 78-88.
Coppell, K. J., Mann, J. I., Williams, S. M., Jo, E., Drury, P. L., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2013). Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes in New Zealand: findings from the 2008/09 Adult Nutrition Survey. The New Zealand Medical Journal (Online), 126(1370).
Daly, B., Arroll, B., Sheridan, N., Kenealy, T., & Scragg, R. (2014). Diabetes knowledge of nurses providing community care for diabetes patients in Auckland, New Zealand. Primary care diabetes, 8(3), 215-223.
Gu, Y., Warren, J., Kennelly, J., Walker, N., & Harwood, M. (2015, August). Incidence Rate of Prediabetes: An Analysis of New Zealand Primary Care Data. In Driving Reform: Digital Health is Everyone’s Business: Selected Papers from the 23rd Australian National Health Informatics Conference (HIC 2015) (Vol. 214, p. 81). IOS Press.
Hawley, N. L., & McGarvey, S. T. (2015). Obesity and diabetes in Pacific Islanders: the current burden and the need for urgent action. Current diabetes reports, 15(5), 1-10.
Jefferies, C., Carter, P., Reed, P. W., Cutfield, W., Mouat, F., Hofman, P. L., & Gunn, A. J. (2012). The incidence, clinical features, and treatment of type 2 diabetes in children< 15 yr. in a population?based cohort from Auckland, New Zealand, 1995–2007. Pediatric diabetes, 13(4), 294-300. Kenealy, T. W., Sheridan, N. F., & Orr-Walker, B. J. (2017). Six new studies about diabetes: what can we learn that might benefit M?ori and Pacific people? The New Zealand medical journal, 130(1450), 8. King, M., Smith, A., & Gracey, M. (2009). Indigenous health part 2: the underlying causes of the health gap. The Lancet, 374(9683), 76-85. Krebs, J., Coppell, K., Cresswell, P., Downie, M., Drury, P., Gregory, A., & Smallman, K. (2016). Access to diabetes drugs in New Zealand is inadequate. The New Zealand medical journal, 129(1436), 6. Metcalf, P., Scragg, R. K. R., Sundborn, G., & Jackson, R. (2014). Dietary intakes of Pacific ethnic groups and Europeans living in Auckland: the Diabetes, Heart and Health Study. Ministry of Health NZ. (2017). Ministry of Health NZ. Mortell, M. (2009). A resuscitation "dilemma" theory–practice–ethics. Is there a theory–practice–ethics gap? Journal of the Saudi Heart Association, 21(3), 149-152. Mortell, M., Gallagher, R., Sunley, K., Tanner, J., Timms, A., Pugh, H., & McCallum, L. (2012). Hand hygiene compliance: is there a theory-practice-ethics gap? Health Technology Assessment, 15, 30. Papali'i-Curtin, A. T., & Dalziel, D. M. (2013). Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and maculopathy in Northland, New Zealand: 2011-2012. The New Zealand Medical Journal (Online), 126(1383). Serrano-Gil, M., & Jacob, S. (2010). Engaging and empowering patients to manage their type 2 diabetes, Part I: a knowledge, attitude, and practice gap? Advances in therapy, 27(6), 321-333. Tukuitonga, C. (2013). Pacific people in New Zealand. Published by the Medical Council of New Zealand, 65. WHO Western Pacific Region. (2017). WHO Western Pacific Region. Wilkinson, A., Whitehead, L., & Ritchie, L. (2014). Factors influencing the ability to self-manage diabetes for adults living with type 1 or 2 diabetes. International journal of nursing studies, 51(1), 111-122. Free Membership to World's Largest Sample Bank To View this & another 50000+ free samples. Please put your valid email id. E-mail Yes, alert me for offers and important updates Submit  Download Sample Now Earn back the money you have spent on the downloaded sample by uploading a unique assignment/study material/research material you have. After we assess the authenticity of the uploaded content, you will get 100% money back in your wallet within 7 days. UploadUnique Document DocumentUnder Evaluation Get Moneyinto Your Wallet Total 11 pages PAY 7 USD TO DOWNLOAD *The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as unique. Cite This Work To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: APA MLA Harvard OSCOLA Vancouver My Assignment Help. (2018). Engaging And Empowering Patients. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engaging-and-empowering-patients. "Engaging And Empowering Patients." My Assignment Help, 2018, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engaging-and-empowering-patients. My Assignment Help (2018) Engaging And Empowering Patients [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/engaging-and-empowering-patients[Accessed 18 December 2021]. My Assignment Help. 'Engaging And Empowering Patients' (My Assignment Help, 2018) accessed 18 December 2021.

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