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MGMT5013 Global Distribution And Transportation

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MGMT5013 Global Distribution And Transportation

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Course Code: MGMT5013
University: Curtin University

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Country: Australia


1. Outline the characteristics of the mode of transport (i.e. value to the national economy, number of people employed, carrying capacity, owners of the system, associated social and environmental issues, etc.)
2. Describe the country’s main stakeholders for your chosen mode of transport and compare and contrast their strengths and weaknesses.

Russia has been spending billions of monies to ensure that the country has an effective and efficient rail infrastructure capable of driving and growing its economy. Russia operates the second largest rail network in the world after the United States of America (Petrova, 2015). The rail transport has a span of an 85,000 km track, and it accounts for the country’s 90% of all freight movements excluding pipeline transport. The Russian rail transport is divided into seventeen geographical regional railways. The regional railway is being coordinated by the Ministry of the Means of Communication, Joint Stock Company Russian Railways and Rossiiskie Zheleznyie Dorogi (RZD). Economically, the Russian railway transport accounts for approximately 2.5% of the total GDP, and a total of 800,00 people are employed working in different departments and sections either as skilled and unskilled laborers.
Statistically, the public rail transport transported close to 1.3 billion people in 2007 (Chistik, Nosov, Tsypin, Ivanov & Permjakova, 2016). Railway transport in Russia has made it easier for Coal miners to transport coal. With this kind of business activities, the money being generated can be used to develop the economy of citizens. As an illustration, the revenue being collected from the railway transport in Russia contribute a total of 2.5% to GDP growth of the country. When it comes to employment, the railway transport can improve the standards of living since they can get payment which can be used to take care of personal needs and expenses. With the steady growth of transit goods from 22 million tons in 2009 to 22 million in 2012, the revenue being generated will increase. Railways transport has opened an opportunity for foreign investment since Russia has been able to reach out to Europe for investment and partnership in the development of its railway network that will able to generate numerous monetary benefits. This can be evidenced by the recent Eurobond issues of RZD. Furthermore, the European government has invested more than $1.6 billion in 13 Russian rail projects since the reforms that took was launched in 2001 (Miroshnikova & Taskaeva, 2017).
Main stakeholders
The Russian railway transport has numerous stakeholders playing a key role in its development. First, there is the Joint Company Russian Railway Company which is a fully state-owned company. It provides a variety of services such as passenger service in which the passengers are transported on domestic services and direct transit routes which include; Europe, Asia, Czech Republic, Mongolia, French China, and Baltic countries (Razumovskaya, Lapidus, Mishakin & Popov, 2014). When it comes to freight charges, the company provides the following services; logistics and terminal warehouse services, providing rolling stock and stevedore transportation. These services being provided are among the strengths of the organization. Others include; the company can operate a large business. Some of its operations include; 85, 000 kilometers of railway lines, being able to manage more than 750,000 skilled employees, transporting a total of 1.3 billion people and over 1 billion freight annually.
Additionally, the company generates close to 1.5% of the country’s GDP (Berg, 2016). Lastly, it has its presence in more than 40 countries. A major weakness of this stakeholder is lack of enough resources such as monetary and human capital to launch developmental plans that will lead improved transport efficiency. Inadequate resource is a problem related to management. This results in the organization seeking funds from outside countries on loan.
French rail giant Alstom Transport is also a major stakeholder in the Russian railway transport. The organization invested a large stake towards the development of a modern rail transport that will lead increased efficiency and faster delivery of raw material and also saving time when it comes to passenger transport (Chemov, Butakova, Karpenko & Kartashov, 2016). The partnership is aimed at manufacturing rails with an objective of introducing passenger locomotives into the Russian market. The partnership has been able to produce the first series of production labeled EPSON electric passenger locomotive to RZD. There is a total of their units being delivered on a monthly basis.
Alstom has also been able to introduce new technologies where 80 Russian engineers are being trained to design and test the new locomotives with the help of a modern computer system that was not being used in the country. When comparing this company with RZD or the Joint Company Russian Railway Company, it is clear that Alstom Transport has the resources and capital that can be used to develop the railway transports towards achieving its efficiency and increased productivity (Proskurina, Rimppi, Heinimö, Hansson, Orlov, Raghu & Vakkilainen, 2016). This will be transplanted to increased revenue collection by the government, and more money will be injected into the economy.
International governing bodies
The international governing bodies include; the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe which was established with an objective of encouraging economic cooperation among its member states. The economic cooperation will be established through the creation of terms of trade using the railway transport towards increased economic participation (Rodemann & Templar, 2014). Secondly, there is the organization for Cooperation between Railways (OSJD) which was formed with an objective of improving and developing international railways carriage for all passengers and goods. Additionally, the organization is also aimed at increasing the competitiveness of railway transport in Eurasia (Burkov, Blazhko & Ivanov, 2016). This will be achieved through strengthening regulatory framework. Through this, the organization will be in a position to achieve efficiency in regards to railway transport. This organization will influence Russian railway transport in the following ways; developing and improving international railway transportation where there is traffic between Asia and other countries in regards to combined transport with Russia railways (Bogoviz, Ragulina, Lobova, Zhukov & Stepanova, 2016).
Additionally, the organization will be able to develop transport policies when it comes to international railway traffic, elaborating railway transport and OSJD strategies to member countries in regards to combine transportation. Additionally, the organization will be able to co-operate on the solution towards problems affecting the economic and scientific or technological aspects of the railway transport (Macheret, 2015).
The success of rail transport in Russia will only depend on effective corporate governance. The corporate governance can be improved by using the following strategies. First, the Russian railway companies should standardize and regulate key management process. This will be aimed at improving the quality of the decision that will be made when it comes to strategic objectives and the success of the railway transport. The Russian Railway companies should have a productive dialogue with the shareholders and investors. Through this, there will be adequate resources that will be needed towards the introduction of a modernized train and improving both organizational practices and services. Employees of the railway transport should be given adequate social support to improve their job performance. Some of the social support programs that could be offered to railways transport employees include; being offered mortgage programs, corporate system of private pension and motivational programs due to the nature of work that they do on a daily basis.
The government plays a major role in the development of rail transport. With the help of the government, the railway companies will be able to have capable investors who can invest in the development of the railway industry. In this case, the government will seek funding from international investors and also join trade blocs within the region with an objective of expanding the rail transport. With the railway transport going beyond its borders, the country will be able to generate money from the sale of coals and other business activities that will be achieved through economic integration. This is a step towards improving the economic performance of the country. Most importantly, the government should seek loans and partnership with countries such as Europe and Asian countries. The partnership will lead to increased investment and allocation of resources for efficient railways transport.   
Akopova, E. S. (2018). Management of Risks and Economic Processes in Russian Railways OJSC in Digital Economy. Perspectives on the Use of New Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Modern Economy, 726, 320.
Berg, E. (2016). The Baltic Gateway: A Corridor Leading towards Three Different Directions? In The EU-Russian Energy Dialogue (pp. 161-178). Routledge.
Bogoviz, A. V., Ragulina, Y. V., Lobova, S. V., Zhukov, B. M., & Stepanova, O. M. (2016). Services infrastructure forming in the process of transport logistics stock movement. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(6S), 278-283.
Burkov, A. T., Blazhko, L. S., & Ivanov, I. A. (2016). Industrial technologies, mobility, and energy efficiency of electric traction of rail transport. Russian Electrical Engineering, 87(5), 244-250.
Chemov, A. V., Butakova, M. A., Karpenko, E. V., & Kartashov, O. O. (2016). Improving security incidents detection for networked multilevel intelligent control systems in railway transport. Telfor Journal, 8(1), 14-19.
Chistik, O. F., Nosov, V. V., Tsypin, A. P., Ivanov, O. B., & Permjakova, T. V. (2016). Research Indicators of Railway Transport Activity in Time Series. International Journal of Economic Perspectives, 10(3), 57-65.
Macheret, D. (2015). Dynamics of Railway Cargo Transportation as a Macroeconomic Indicator. Economic Policy, 2, 133-150.
Miroshnikova, T., & Taskaeva, N. (2017). Influence of town-planning on social and economic progress of the subject of the Russian Federation in aspect of regional management. In MATEC Web of Conferences (Vol. 106, p. 08093). EDP Sciences.
Petrova, E. (2015). Road and railway transport in Russia: safety and risks. Advances in Environmental Sciences, 7(2), 259-271.
Proskurina, S., Rimppi, H., Heinimö, J., Hansson, J., Orlov, A., Raghu, K. C., & Vakkilainen, E. (2016). Logistical, economic, environmental and regulatory conditions for future wood pellet transportation by sea to Europe: The case of Northwest Russian seaports. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 56, 38-50.
Razumovskaya, E. M., Lapidus, L. V., Mishakin, T. S., & Popov, M. L. (2014). Features and peculiarities of the Russian passenger rail market development. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(18), 165.
Rodemann, H., & Templar, S. (2014). The enablers and inhibitors of intermodal rail freight between Asia and Europe. Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management, 4(3), 70-86.

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