Tutor Quora

PHI-FP2000 Ethics For Personal Morality

Academic Anxiety?

Get an original paper within hours and nail the task

156 experts online

Free Samples

PHI-FP2000 Ethics For Personal Morality

.cms-body-content table{width:100%!important;} #subhidecontent{ position: relative;
overflow-x: auto;
width: 100%;}

PHI-FP2000 Ethics For Personal Morality

0 Download7 Pages / 1,702 Words

Course Code: PHI-FP2000
University: Capella University

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United States

WILCO Engineering’s priorities are to develop:1.new knowledge that furthers the knowledge base of the profession2.new process knowledge 3.Enhance existing knowledge across the organisation4.to attract and retain talented staff.

Philosophers and theologians have developed a variety of ethical theories over a long period of time such as normative and positive theory which has their own benefits and limitations. The normative theory of decision making expresses judgement about whether a situation is desirable or un-desirable and is based upon some moral standards. Whereas positive theory makes decisions by expressing the opinion or judgment after assuming the condition or situation in context of what the situation is about and offers no judgment based on indication of approval or disapproval and is also not based on standards. The report focuses on implementation of normative theory and its various approaches to real life situation and helps in the evaluation of each approach.
Discussion of the situation
The mood at the St. Mary’s High School is tensed due to anticipation regarding the judgment that is likely to be made by the school authority in consultation with cricket coach regarding the punishment to be given to two senior players for disobeying code of conduct for team. For first time after a decade, the cricket team of the St. Mary’s High School has made it to the state semi-finals. The community surrounding the High School is excited regarding the event and everyone is making plans to attend the big event, which will take place in 5 days. The cricket team is mixed of youth and experienced and all members have put in a lot of effort to reach this level. The main reason for team’s success was team spirit and understanding between members. The coach has strictly instructed his players to be more focused and disciplined in their approach in preparation for the upcoming finals. Over the next 5 days they will practice very hard and must be on time for the practice sessions. The coach had even instructed all his players that norm and code of conduct of team will be applicable for every player with no room for exceptions. However, 2 days prior to semi-finals two senior members, who were main pillars of success for team owing to their experience and match winning capabilities considered themselves in-dispensable for team.  They perceived that the code of conduct and disciplines were not applicable to them and came to practice one hour later than usual time. The behavior of both senior members of team infuriated the coach and he has decided to penalize both players for not complying with code of conduct for team. The code of conduct states that minimum penalty for not following rules and regulations of team invites a ban of 7 days.  The suspension means that both players will be unable to participate in the semi-final match.  With the absence of these two key players, the team will decrease the chances of a win as the team is heavily dependent on these two players. The coach has a difficult task in hand regarding taking best decision as it is related with consequence of St Mary’s High School cricket team.
Different types of Approaches
The kind of normative theories which can be applied to above mentioned situation of ethical dilemma are virtue ethics, deontological and consequentialism. Each of the mentioned approaches can make room for virtues, consequences and rules. As stated by Abel, virtue ethics focuses on inherent character of an individual rather than on specific actions (Abel, 2017).  According to Brady, a deontological approach to normative theory argues that a decision should be made considering factors of an individual’s duties and rights (Brady, 2017).  As opined by Collins, consequentialism or teleological approach of normative theory argues that morality of actions is related to outcome or results of actions (Collins, 2016).
Relating the approaches with the situation
In context of above situation, virtue ethics can be observed and implemented which emphasizes on taking decision based on virtue and morality. In context of above situation deontological ethics can also be implemented which emphasizes on taking decisions based on duties and rules. Whereas approach of consequentialism can also be observed that emphasizes on taking decisions based on consequence of actions associated with decision.
In the case of implementing virtue-based ethics, the virtue or morality of decision maker guides decision process (Paul et al., 2014).  In the context of above mentioned scenario it can be stated that if the coach of cricket team is a strict administrator by virtue and values morality than everything else, then he will not think about outcome or consequences of decision and accordingly sanction punishment for both senior players even if it is related with consequence of match. Therefore, it can be easily understood based on scenario that decision taken by decision maker will be based on his virtue and morality.
In the case of implementing deontological approach, duties and rules of decision maker in context of situation guides decision making process (Uzhga-Rebrov & Karaseva, 2018).  In context of scenario it can be stated that coach of the team will base his decision regarding sanction of punishment on his duties and roles. It is the duty and role of coach to follow code of conduct of team and not discriminate among members.  It is also the duty of coach to think of what is best for the team and therefore his decision on the situation will depend regarding what the coach values more i.e. code of conduct of team or betterment. Therefore, it can be easily understood on basis of scenario that decision taken will be based on duties and roles of decision maker.
In case of implementing consequentialism, the consequences associated with decision in context of situation guides decision making process (Shah & Amjad, 2016). In context of the scenario it can be stated that coach of team will take his decision regarding sanctioning punishment for both players based on outcome which is associated with such a decision. In context of scenario it can be even stated that result of imposing punishment on both senior players will lead to reduction in chances of winning the cricket match.  It may even result in sending the strong message that all players are perceived as equal by team management and that the punishment is applicable for all members regarding disobeying code of conduct regardless of his importance or value in team. Therefore, it can be observed that decision making process in consequentialism approach is based on outcome associated with such action or decision.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Normative Theories
The advantages of normative theories regarding decision making are as follows:

It is simple in nature and easy to implement as it provides basis of decision making based on few simple criteria.
It lays down several rules to sort out ethical dilemmas without relying much on interaction of individuals regarding decision making.
Aninstitution, political system, or set of social relationships can be judged or measured against an ideal type which helps in clarifying weaknesses.

The disadvantages of normative theories regarding decision making are:

Normative theories involve high level of abstraction from reality as the real world is more complex compared to what is perceived in normative theories (Nikolic, 2018)
Normative theories of decision making are narrower in their application as it does not fit to all aspects of decision making.
Normative theories of decision making are overly academic in nature as theories were developed by theoreticians who belonged to a world which was less complex than current world.
Normative theories involve prescriptive approaches as they believe that ethical dilemmas can be sorted out by implementing set of rules.

Selecting the appropriate Approach
The approach of normative theory which makes the most sense is the deontological approach of decision making as it involves the decision maker to make the decision based on their duty and generalized rule (Edwards & Kirkham, 2014). The deontological approach also makes most sense as it believes that right is right and wrong is wrong regardless of consequence associated with it.
The Deontological approach of normative theory works best as it is based on duties and rules associated with an individual or with a situation. The deontological approach is considered as best approach for decision making as the decision is not made on outcome of situation. This is due to the fact that decisions can either bring positive outcome for one party or negative outcome to another, as such in deontological approach decision is based on virtue and morality of an individual that varies from individual to individual (Edwards & Kirkham, 2014) But in case of deontological approach strength lies in fact that deontology is much harder to use to rationalize an unethical decision than other approaches of normative decision making.
From the above report it is clear and evident that normative decision-making theories can be effectively applied in to any real-life situation regarding ethical dilemma and each approach of normative theory have their own advantages and disadvantages. It is also evident that decision making criteria in normative decision making are based on several parameters such as virtues and morality, roles and duties of decision makers and outcome of decision taken.
Abel, C. (2017). THE VARIETIES OF THEORY AND THEIR ROLES IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION. Public Administration Quarterly, 41(4), 670-694.
Brady, M. E. (2017). OPINIONS ON THE THEORIES OF SAVAGE AND DE FINETTI. Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields, 8(2), 137-143.
Collins, T. J. (2016). Examining decision motivations of project acceptance decision makers: A qualitative study.
Edwards, M. G., & Kirkham, N. (2014). Situating ‘giving voice to values’: A metatheoretical evaluation of a new approach to business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 121(3), 477-495.
Paul, S., Müller, H., Preiser, R., Neto, F. B. d. L., Marwala, T., & De Wilde, P. (2014).Developing a management decision-making model based upon a complexity perspective with reference to the bee algorithm. Emergence: Complexity and Organization, 16(4), D1-D13.
Shah, S. A. M., & Amjad, S. (2016). ETHICAL DECISION MAKING IN BUSINESSES: LINKING RATIONAL AND NON-RATIONAL THEORIES. International Journal of Information, Business and Management, 8(3), 56-80.
Uzhga-Rebrov, O., & Karaseva, E. (2018). Analysis of approaches to modelling of attitude to risk in normative decision making methods. International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 21(1-2), 21-41.

Free Membership to World’s Largest Sample Bank

To View this & another 50000+ free samples. Please put
your valid email id.


Yes, alert me for offers and important updates


Download Sample Now

Earn back the money you have spent on the downloaded sample by uploading a unique assignment/study material/research material you have. After we assess the authenticity of the uploaded content, you will get 100% money back in your wallet within 7 days.

UploadUnique Document

DocumentUnder Evaluation

Get Moneyinto Your Wallet

Total 7 pages


*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as

Cite This Work
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:


My Assignment Help. (2021). Ethics For Personal Morality. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/phi-fp2000-fundamentals-of-ethics/life-situation.html.

“Ethics For Personal Morality.” My Assignment Help, 2021, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/phi-fp2000-fundamentals-of-ethics/life-situation.html.

My Assignment Help (2021) Ethics For Personal Morality [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/phi-fp2000-fundamentals-of-ethics/life-situation.html[Accessed 18 December 2021].

My Assignment Help. ‘Ethics For Personal Morality’ (My Assignment Help, 2021) accessed 18 December 2021.

My Assignment Help. Ethics For Personal Morality [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2021 [cited 18 December 2021]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/phi-fp2000-fundamentals-of-ethics/life-situation.html.

.close{position: absolute;right: 5px;z-index: 999;opacity: 1;color: #ff8b00;}


Thank you for your interest
The respective sample has been mail to your register email id


$20 Credited
successfully in your wallet.
* $5 to be used on order value more than $50. Valid for
only 1

Account created successfully!
We have sent login details on your registered email.



Students stuck with complicated research paper outlines and topics are no more required to look around for help frantically. MyAssignmenthelp.com is available with the best team of writers and resources for the finest bibliography, referencing, thesis statements and conclusions. From assisting students with rhetorical analysis to helping them with critical literature analysis; MyAssignmenthelp.com is dedicated to sending across comprehensive solutions on a plethora of research topics.

Latest Management Samples

div#loaddata .card img {max-width: 100%;

MPM755 Building Success In Commerce
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: MPM755
University: Deakin University

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

The process of developing a successful business entity requires a multidimensional analysis of several factors that relate to the internal and external environment in commerce. The areas covered in this current unit are essential in transforming the business perspective regarding the key commerce factors such as ethics, technology, culture, entrepreneurship, leadership, culture, and globalization (Nzelibe, 1996; Barza, 2…

SNM660 Evidence Based Practice
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: SNM660
University: The University Of Sheffield

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United Kingdom

Critical reflection on the objective, design, methodology and outcome of the research undertaken Assessment-I
Smoking and tobacco addiction is one of the few among the most basic general restorative issues, particularly to developed nations such as the UK. It has been represented that among all risk segments smoking is the fourth driving purpose behind infections and other several ailments like asthma, breathing and problems in the l…
Australia Maidstone Management Business management with marketing University of New South Wales Masters in Business Administration 

BSBHRM513 Manage Workforce Planning
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: BSBHRM513
University: Tafe NSW

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

Task 1
1.0 Data on staff turnover and demographics
That includes the staffing information of JKL industries for the fiscal year of 2014-15, it can be said that the company is having problems related to employee turnover. For the role of Senior Manager in Sydney, the organization needs 4 managers; however, one manager is exiting. It will make one empty position which might hurt the decision making process. On the other hand, In Brisba…

MKT2031 Issues In Small Business And Entrepreneurship
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: MKT2031
University: University Of Northampton

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: United Kingdom

Entrepreneurial ventures
Entrepreneurship is the capacity and willingness to develop, manage, and put in order operations of any business venture with an intention to make profits despite the risks that may be involved in such venture. Small and large businesses have a vital role to play in the overall performance of the economy. It is, therefore, necessary to consider the difference between entrepreneurial ventures, individual, and c…
Turkey Istanbul Management University of Employee Masters in Business Administration 

MN506 System Management
Download :
0 | Pages :

Course Code: MN506
University: Melbourne Institute Of Technology

MyAssignmentHelp.com is not sponsored or endorsed by this college or university

Country: Australia

An operating system (OS) is defined as a system software that is installed in the systems for the management of the hardware along with the other software resources. Every computer system and mobile device requires an operating system for functioning and execution of operations. There is a great use of mobile devices such as tablets and Smartphones that has increased. One of the widely used and implemented operating syste…
Australia Cheltenham Computer Science Litigation and Dispute Management University of New South Wales Information Technology 


Need an essay written specifically to meet your requirements?

Choose skilled experts on your subject and get an original paper within your deadline

156 experts online

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

Tips and Tricks from our Blog

11174 Introduction To Management

Free Samples 11174 Introduction To Management .cms-body-content table{width:100%!important;} #subhidecontent{ position: relative; overflow-x: auto; width: 100%;} 11174 Introduction

Read More »